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Current Status of Applied Geochemistry Research in Southern Europe

November 11, 2012. AAG Regional Councillor Report for Southern Europe: Benedetto De Vivo, AAG Regional Councillor (bdevivo@unina.it)

The EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry Expert Group (which has succeeded the FOREGS Geochemistry Working Group) is very active in continental-scale applied geochemical projects. Since, the publication of the FOREGS Geochemical Atlas of Europe (http://weppi.gtk.fi/publ/foregsatlas/) the group has completed two projects concerned with (a) , European ground water geochemistry using bottled mineral water as the sampling medium, and (b) the publication of a book on urban geochemistry. This work can be found in the following publications:

1)            Reimann C. and Birke M., Eds + 79 others, 2010. Geochemistry of European Bottled Water. Borntraeger Science Publishers, Stuttgart. 268 pp. URL: http://www.schweizerbart.de/publications/detail/isbn/9783443010676/Geochemistry-of-European-Bottled-Water;

2)            Birke M., Demetriades A. & De Vivo B. (Guest Editors), 2010. Mineral Waters of Europe. Special Issue, Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 107(3), 217-422. This r volume includes 15 contributions from national teams of Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia (2), Hellas (2), Slovakia, Hungary, Italy (2), Fennoscandia, Germany (2), Portugal and Estonia;

3)            Johnson, C.C., Demetriades, A., Locutura, J. & Ottesen, R.T. (Editors), 2011.  Mapping the Chemical Environment of Urban Areas.  Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 616 pp.  Avalaible online at: http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-0470747242,descCd-description.html),

In Europe, two large projects are presently being carried out (i) the Geochemistry of European Agricultural and Grazing Land Soil (GEMAS – URL:http://gemas.geolba.ac.at/) and (ii) Urban Geochemistry (URGE). The first will be completed in 2013, and the second in 2014.

Activities of the GEMAS and URGE Project Teams for 2013-14 include publication of (ι) a European Atlas on the geochemistry of agricultural and grazing land soil, reporting data elaboration and geochemical maps for  68 determinands, covering almost the entire European territory until the Urals, and (ιι) case studies on urban geochemical mapping projects carried out in 10-12 European cities using a common sampling, sample preparation and analytical protocols.

Results of both GEMAS and URGE projects will be presented in a Session organised at the Goldschmidt Conference in 2013 in Florence. A selection of papers presented in this Session will be published in a Special Issue of Journal of Geochemical Exploration.

A significant contribution to European regional geochemistry in 2012 is the publication of the regional soil geochemical atlas of Spain (URL:http://www.igme.es/INTERNET/actividadesIGME/lineas/CartoGeo/geoquimica/geoquimicaIng.htm). About 40,000 soil samples were collected and analysed for 63 elements.

Another significant contribution to European urban geochemistry in 2012 is the completion of the surface soil geochemical project in Dublin in Ireland (URL: http://www.gsi.ie/surge).

Publications by EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry Expert Group members on different aspects of European ground water geochemistry, and the GEMAS project:

Birke M., Reimann C., Rauch U., Demetriades A., De Vivo B., Klos V., Gosar M., Ladenberger A. and the GEMAS Project team. Cadmium distribution in cropland and pasture soils of Europe. GEMAS Volume (in press).

de Caritat P., Reimann C., NGSA Project Team and GEMAS Project Team, 2012.  Comparing results from two continental geochemical surveys to world soil composition and deriving Predicted Empirical Global Soil (PEGS2) reference values.  Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 319-320, 269-276.

Cicchella D., Lima A., Birke M., Demetriades A., Yao W., Xie X. and De Vivo B., 2012. Mapping geochemical patterns distribution at large scale using composite samples to reduce the analytical costs. J. Geochem. Explor., Doi: 10.1016/j.gexplo.2012.08.012.

Cicchella D., Albanese S., Birke M., Demetriades D., De Vivo B., De Vos W., Dinelli E., Lima A., J. O’Connor P. J., Salpeteur J., Tarvainen T. and GEMAS Project Team, 2012. Uranium, thorium and potassium concentrations in agricultural and grazing land soils of Europe. J. Geochem. Explor. (in press).

Cicchella D., Albanese S., Birke M., Demetriades A., De Vivo B., De Vos W., Dinelli E., Lima A.,  O’Connor P. J., Salpeteur I., Tarvainen T.  and the GEMAS Project Team. Distribution of radioelements in European agricultural soils. GEMAS Volume (in press).

Demetriades A., Reimann C., Birke M. and the EGG Team, 2012.  The geochemical atlas of European ground water with Emphasis on Hellas.  Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece (submitted) in press.

Demetriades A., Reimann C,  Birke M. and The Eurogeosurveys Geochemistry EGG Team, 2012.  European Ground Water Geochemistry Using Bottled Water as a Sampling Medium.  Chapter 10, In:  F. F. Quercia and D. Vidojevic (Editors), Clean Soil and Safe Water.  NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C:  Environmental Security.  Springer, Dordrecht, 115-139.

Dinelli E., Lima A., Albanese S., Birke M., Cicchella D., Giaccio L., Valera P. and De Vivo B., 2012. Comparative study between bottled mineral and tap water in Italy. J. Geochem. Explor., 112, 368-389. Doi: 10.1016/j.gexplo.2011.11.002.

Dinelli E., Lima A., Albanese S., Birke M., Cicchella D., Giaccio L., Valera P. and De Vivo B., 2012. Major and trace elements in tap water from Italy. J. Geochem. Explor., 112, 54-75. Doi: 10.1016/j.gexplo.2011.07.009.

Dinelli E., Reimann C., Birke M., Demetriades A., De Vivo B., De Vos W., Flight D., Albanese S., Cicchella D., Lima A., Valera P. and GEMAS Project Team, 2012. Aqua Regia extraction of chemical elements in agricultural soils in the European GEMAS project, compared to XRF total content. Applied Geochem. (submitted)

Disla J.M.S., Janik L., McLaughlin M.J., Forrester S., Kirby J., Reimann C. and GEMAS Project Team, 2012.  The use of mid-infrared spectroscopy for the prediction of the concentration of chemical elements extracted by aqua regia.  Geoderma (in press).

Petrosino P., Sadeghi M., Albanese S., Andersson M., Lima A. and De Vivo B., 2012. The REE content in solid media and stream waters from different geological contexts: comparison between Italy and Sweden. J. Geochem. Explor. (REE Special Issue; Foley et al, eds) (in press)

Petrović T., Mandić M.Z., Veljković N., Papić P. and Stojković J., 2012.  Geochemistry of Bottled Waters of Serbia.  Chapter 19, In:  F.F. Quercia and D. Vidojevic (Editors), Clean Soil and Safe Water.  NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C:  Environmental Security.  Springer, Dordrecht, 247-266.

Reimann C., de Caritat P., GEMAS Project Team and NGSA Project team, 2012.  New soil compositional data for Europe and Australia:  Demonstrating comparability, identifying continental-scale processes and learning lessons for global geochemical mapping.  Science of The Total Environment 416, 239-252.

Reimann C., Flem B., Fabian K., Birke M., Ladenberger A., Negrel P., Demetriades A., Hoogewerff J. and The GEMAS Project Team, 2012.  Lead and lead isotopes in agricultural soils of Europe – The continental perspective.  Applied Geochemistry, 27(3), 532-542.

Reimann C., Filzmoser P., Fabian K., Hron K., Birke M., Demetriades A., Dinelli E., Ladenberger A. and The GEMAS Project Team, 2012.  The concept of compositional data analysis in practice - Total major element concentrations in agricultural and grazing land soils of Europe.  Science of The Total Environment, 426, 196-210.

Reimann C., Birke M. and Filzmoser P., 2012.  Temperature-dependent leaching of chemical elements from mineral water bottle materials.  Applied Geochemistry, in press.

Reimann C., Demetriades A., Eggen O. A., Filzmoser P. and the EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry Expert Group (Albanese S., Aandersson M., Arnoldussen A., Batista M. J., Bel-Lan A., Birke M., Cicchella D., De Vivo B., De Vos W., Dinelli E., Duris M., Dusza A., Eklund M., Ernstsen V., Flight D., Fugedi U., Gallagher V., Gilucis A., Gosar M., Gregorauskiene V., Gulan A., Hayoz P., Halamic J., Haslinger E., Hoffmann R., Hratovich H., Husnjak S., Jordan G., Kisivilla J., Klos V., Kuti L., Kwecko P., Lax K., Lima A., Locutura J., Mackovych D., Malyuk B. I., Maquil R., Mcdonnel P., Meuli R. G., Miosic N., Ni Mhairtin F., Mol G., O’Connor P., Ottesen R. T., Pasieczna A., Petersell W., Pramuka S., Prazeres C., Reitner H., Salpeteur I., Samardzic N., Schedl A., Scheib A., Sefcik P., Skopljak F., Slaninka I., Sorsa A., Stafilov T., Strutt M., Tarvainen T., Trendavilov V., Utermann J., Valera P., Vidojevic D., Volden T., Zomeini Z.), 2011. The EuroGeoSurveys geochemical mapping of agricultural and grazing land soils project (GEMAS). Evaluation of quality control results of total C and S, total organic carbon (TOC), cation exchange capacity (CEC), XRF, pH, and particle size distribution (PSD) analysis. NGU Report 2011.043. ISNN 0800-3416. Geological Survey of Norway, 90 pp.

Sadeghi M., Petrosino P., Ladengberger A., Albanese S., Andersson M., Morris G., Lima A., De Vivo B.  and  GEMAS Project Team, 2012. Ce, La and Y concentrations in agricultural and grazing-land soils of Europe. J. Geochem. Explor. (REE Special Issue; Foley et al, eds) (in press).

Wcislo E., Korcz M., Dlugosz and Demetriades, A., 2012. Risk-based approach to contaminated land and groundwater assessment:  Two case studies.  Chapter 5, In:  F.F. Quercia and D. Vidojevic (Editors), Clean Soil and Safe Water.  NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C:  Environmental Security.  Springer, Dordrecht, 51-64.

 

SEPT 6, 2010, Benedetto De Vivo, AAG Regional Councillor for Southern Europe (bdevivo@unina.it)

The EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry Expert Group, which has succeeded the FOREGS Geochemistry Group, is presently carrying out two large projects, the Geochemistry of European Agricultural and Grazing Land Soil (GEMAS) and Urban Geochemistry (URGE) that will keep the group busy for the next 3-year period, and has just completed a project on European groundwater geochemistry using bottled water. The results of this project have been published in an Atlas (Reimann C and Birke, Eds + 79 others, 2010. Geochemistry of European Bottled Water. Borntraeger Science Publishers. Stuttgart. ISBN 978-3-443-01067-6, 268 pp. URL: http://www.schweizerbart.de/publications/detail/isbn/9783443010676/Geochemistry-of-European-Bottled-Water), and country interpretations are in the processed of being published in a Special Issue of the Journal of Geochemical Exploration (Mineral waters of Europe, Birke M., Demetrides A. and De Vivo B., Eds). The latter volume will include 15 contributions from national teams of Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia (2), Greece (2), Slovakia, Hungary, Italy (2), Fennoscandia, Germany (2), Portugal and Estonia.

At present the Group is setting up its own website that will introduce the projects and activities to the broader public.

Other activities of the EuroGeoSurveys Geochemistry Expert Group for the period 2010-2013, include (a) publication of a book on urban geochemistry studies in early 2011 (Johnson et al., Mapping the Chemical Environment of Urban Areas – Wiley), (b) data elaboration and publication of GEMAS project results, and (c) publication of new results of the Geochemical Atlas of Europe project. It is noted, because of industry restrictions, the GEMAS Atlas will be published in 2013.

The URGE project is carried out by a sub-group of the Geochemistry Expert Group led by Rolf Tore Ottesen of NGU. The aim of the URGE project is to carry out urban geochemical mapping of 10-12 European cities using a common sampling and analytical protocol, so that results are directly comparable across the continent. We expect that sampling can be carried out during 2011 and all analytical results are in available in 2012, which would result in “final reporting” around the end of 2012 or beginning of 2013.

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